The details and current status of data requests submitted through the Data Request Help Desk page can be seen here.

Monthly Weather Observations (Form 1001)

Request #21432

Submitted on Tuesday May 17, 2016 at 11:48 am

Monthly Weather Observations (Form 1001) is a set of historical manuscript records for the period 1893-1948. In order to fill in the observation gap prior to the time when commercial aviation began in the U.S., NCDC Climate Data Modernization Program (CDMP) retrieved surface observations taken two to four times daily beginning as early as 1893 at the City Weather Bureau Offices. Through 1936 observations were taken twice daily; then in 1937 the general practice was to record four observations per day. The data elements are as follows: station pressure, sea level pressure, dry and wet bulb temperature, dew point, maximum and minimum temperature, wind direction and speed, precipitation, cloud amount and type, ceiling, state of weather and visibility. It should be noted that not all elements are present for all stations in this dataset, and that ceiling and visibility observations did not begin at the city offices until the 1930's. Official surface weather observation standards can be found in the Circular N manuals.


The following URL will support your search: